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Sage

Sage
Published: 26.03.2020 Times Read: 723 Comments: 0
From ancient times, sage leaves were considered a symbol of eternal life.  The word sage  comes from the Latin word "salvus"- healthy. In former Czechoslovakia, a variety for pharmaceutical purposes was bred: Salvia officinalis "Krajová". Usually, large-leaved nutmeg (Salvia sclarea L.) is grown quite often. It is a biennial plant, its flowers smell similar to nutmeg. It is mainly used in cosmetics.
 
Wild variety of sage: sage (Salvia verticallata L.), sage with sticky leaves that blooms yellow (Salvia glutinosa L.), sage (Salvia divinorum), white sage (Salvia apiana). Sage multi-root, so-called Danshan or Asian sage - is used in hair care. We use garden cultivars (pineapple, melon, large-leaved, Indian, Aztec, Chinese, etc.) only as ornamental plants, not as medicinal plants. It comes from the Mediterranean and was spread to northern Europe by the Benedictines. It was grown in the monastery gardens as medicine and spices for meals. It can therefore, withstand much more heat and drought than our original herbs. She is also doing well in large pots.
 
History

It was a sacred plant for the Romans, they used it for many diseases. The Greeks dedicated it to the highest deities, and they also used healing to a large extent. Sage is also mentioned in the Bible. It was widely used in the Middle Ages: it stimulated digestion, flatulence, convulsions, epilepsy, paralysis, and exhaustion. In times of plague epidemics with vinegar as a mouth wash, added sage rosemary, honeysuckle, cinnamon. Hildegard of Bingen said (in Physika) /: “Sage is warm and dry, it grows more out of the solar heat than from the earth's moisture. And it is beneficial against sick mucus because it dries it out. Therefore, it should be cooked or eaten raw by someone who is troubled by harmful juices. Sage will suppress them.  The American Indians considered white sage to be the holiest plant. They smoked it during sacred rituals, and shamans used it to travel to other worlds.
 
The spiritual message, signature

"Why does a person die when he has sage in the garden?" Italian doctors asked. The plant is dedicated to the supreme god Jupiter, who maintains the laws of life and death. It has in it the wisdom of the eternal cycle of birth and death. Her advice is: take your place on Earth and live in joy. Open up to unlimited possibilities, either as a child who is constantly looking forward to the next day. Don't worry about what you can't influence, let things happen, become part of them, not an obstacle. Perceive the perfect harmony of the arrangement of things, the unity of everything, peace, which is the basis of inner joy. Then you will find the meaning of your life, your place in the world. You will be happy to fulfill your tasks. It will not be duties, but a creative process, discovery, and play.
 
Sage is friendly but strict. Its narrow leathery leaves resemble the spine and network of nerves. The spine is the firm axis of our soft body. Every deviation from the way, every lie, falsehood is punished by pain. While the picture of intention is not clear, the purity of intention is not verified, we learn through our own painful experience. The more we perceive the connection with our own nature, with our soul, the less suffering we experience. The price is high, the way to it is not easy. We are moving towards the deepest secrets and the most passionate connection. Bare heart offered on the altar for the highest purpose. Connection, completion, integrity. The smell of sage accompanies us to spiritual levels that are well known to us. It helps me remember who we are and where we came from.
 
Botany
Perennial semi-root, grows to 20 -70 and more cm. Woody on the underside (after the second year). The stem has a square cross-section, the stem leaves are opposite, oblong-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, slightly serrated. The face of the leaf is smooth, wrinkled on the back. Young leaves are grayish, felted. The flowers are dicotyledonous, usually purple (slightly pink, white), forming sparse sows. The flowers do not appear until the second year after rooting. The fruits are ovoid, smooth hard. It blooms in May, June.
 
Subject of collection
Leaf (top parts of the stem before flowering), some sources state the whole scent. The leaf smells strongly aromatic, has a spicy, hot taste. We dry the leaves spread out in thin layers, in the shade. It is a siliceous plant, therefore the drying temperature must not exceed 35 ° C. We collect Vňať 1-3 times a year. Sage can also be grown in pots, it has many varieties. It is honey-bearing, used for bees.
 
Active substances
To date, 6 active anti-inflammatory agents have been isolated in sage. In addition, the essential oil contains thujone, cineole, camphor, borneol, catechin tires, organic acids, triterpenes, carnosol mustard, phytoncide Salvin lactone, saponins, resins, B vitamins, substances similar to female estrogen. Phytoestrogens (act as female hormones, regulate fertility), beta-carotene, lutein (dye and antioxidant), vitamins A, B, C, E, K, proteins, carbohydrates, fat, fiber, potassium, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc and selenium. Sage should not be consumed during pregnancy or breastfeeding as it stops the production of milk. We do not exceed the recommended time of use.
 
Features
Aromatic, astringent, antiphlogistic, antihydrotic, dermatological, antiseptic, antibiotic effect.
 
The use
The use of sage is so wide that people tend to see in sage a common herb that can be used for anything. However, it has a very wide range of uses. In the treatment of digestive problems: it prevents the formation of stomach ulcers, stomach pain, flatulence, stimulates digestion, the formation, and outflow of bile, gastric and intestinal catarrh, food poisoning. Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract - colitis, gastritis, ulcers, meteorism, diarrhea. For gynecological problems, especially for young women who are starting to menstruate and during menopause. For gynecological inflammations. For prolonged menstruation, for chest pain during menstruation. Suppresses the yeast candida - drink decoction, or do rinses.
Add two drops of tea tree, grapefruit to the rinse.
 
Antibiotic action - against microbes in urinary tract inflammation, sore throat and sore throat, viral respiratory diseases. It acts as an antibiotic, treats inflamed gums, periodontitis, aphthae. It is necessary to gargle and rinse for a long time. We can also use sage essential oil. It has astringent and anti-inflammatory effects. For non-healing wounds burns, eczema, inflammatory processes on the skin, wet ulcers such as baths, compresses, washing. Fungal and fungal diseases of the skin and nails. It supports immunity, liver function, prevention of stroke, relieves internal tension. It supports short-term memory, acts against insomnia, depression. The cold extract acts against sweating at puberty, as well as during the transition. British scientists have shown that sage suppresses the enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine. This protects the body from Alzheimer's disease. The most effective form is a tincture, the dosage is usually 20-25 drops 3 times a day. A very effective form is a wine infusion. 
 
Recipes
 
Mouthwash for periodontitis
2 spoons of sage, marigold, chamomile. Pour half a liter of cold water, bring to a slow boil, turn off immediately. Let it simmer covered until it cools down. Strain, we can add a little white alcohol for preservation, store in the refrigerator.
 
Tincture
To increase blood pressure, we macerate sage in a stronger brandy (rye). We use the fresh herb in a ratio of 1: 4, dried 1: 6. For an immediate increase in pressure in women, 1 is enough, in men 2-3 CL of this tincture.
 
Bad breath, mold
Pour a handful of sage into half a liter of cold water, bring to a boil, cook for 5 minutes, then set aside and infuse for 10 minutes. Gargle.

For diabetes, it is recommended to eat fresh leaves during the day. It is effective in Pseudomonas infections (in hospitals, causes wound infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, meningitis). We use the tincture.
 
Cosmetics
Japanese scientists have declared sage as one of the 4 most effective plants in the fight against wrinkles: drinking tea, adding to meals, to face masks.
Hair loss - Pour 100 g of fresh leaves over a glass of cane rum, let it infuse in a dark place for weeks. Pour, filter, massage the scalp.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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