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Peppermint

Peppermint
Published: 25.04.2020 Times Read: 158 Comments: 0

Peppermint

Family: Lamiaceae

Pfefferminze (n), Peppermint (a), Menthe Poivrée (f), Menta Piperita (s)

Mint is one of the basic ingredients of ZeoZoe products. It is a perennial, it creates large stands with a strong and developed root system. It grows to a height of 60 cm. The leaves are long-flowered, lanceolate, serrated, the stem is branched at the top. The flowers have an old pink and violet color, the fruit is an ovoid hard. The whole plant smells like menthol. Characterized by square stems, paired leaves and small white to pink flowers. The leaves and hairy stems are covered with essential oil-producing glands. It is a perennial wintering plant. Mint can be propagated by seeds, but the most effective is the vegetative method of reproduction by means of flakes in the second half of April.
Peppermint was formed by crossing a water mint (mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata).  The closest related species is Mentha longifolia.
 

A significant success in the breeding of medicinal plants at the international level is represented by the Slovak variety of peppermint, called "Kristinka", which received legal protection throughout the European Union. The decision, the certificate and the registered variety description were granted by the Community Plant Variety Office, based in Angers, France, on the basis of multiannual testing of the plant material for varietal diversity, uniformity and stability. 
 
The main and decisive importance of this variety lies in the very high content of menthol, up to 77 percent in essential oil, the content of which is up to 2.5 percent in dry mint. The University of Prešov in Prešov, as the owner of the medicinal plant variety in question, has very good preconditions for the sale of the original type of plant seedlings, drugs (dry leaves and perch), for which there is a great demand from other growers and processors of this special crop not only in Slovakia.
It was used as an ingredient in ritual fragrant mixtures of ancient Egyptian priests.
 
This plant is also mentioned in the Bible, Greek and Roman mythology and poetry. The name of the mint is derived from the name of the mythical nymph Minthe, who caught Persephone in the arms of her husband Pluto and turned into an "herb trampled underfoot." In his "Medical Debate on Plants", Hippocrates mentions this plant in connection with its diuretic and stimulating effects. Galenos thought of it as an aphrodisiac, while other authors suggested using it to suppress sexual desires.
The subject of the collection is a leafy leaf before flowering.
 
Substance content
The leaf contains 2% of an essential oil consisting of menthol (50%), menton (about 20%), phelandren, pinene, piperitone, cyneol, mentofuran, sabinen, flavonoids, mineral salts, bitters, tannins.
 
Features
Antiseptic, stomachic, cholagogue.
 
Effects
It stimulates digestion, secretion of gastric juices, strengthens bile production, has an anticonvulsant effect, calms spasms of smooth muscles, regulates intestinal peristalsis, inflammation of the gastric mucosa, colic, acts against bloating and flatulence helps digestion of fats, strengthens appetite, painful, for sore throat. Slightly stimulates the central nervous system, slightly lowers blood pressure. For inflammation in the oral cavity. In sensitive people, it can cause mild itching of the skin and sowing, reddening of the skin. It is not suitable for long-term use, the body loses sensitivity to its active substances. The best way to use it is in mixtures. In case of overdose, especially in children, there is a risk of allergy to menthol, which may be accompanied by nausea, convulsions, general feeling of weakness.
 
Recipes
Gum problems: Rinse with mint and sage infusion several times a day.
In the case of nervousness: Herbal tea: equal parts honeydew, mint, lavender, hops.
 
 

 

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